What is alopecia ?

Updated: Sep 19, 2020

Alopecia is the Latin word for hair loss.  There are several types of Alopecia. Androgenic Alopecia: Another name for genetic hair loss or male pattern baldness and female pattern hair loss.  This is the most common of all hair loss. Alopecia Areata: This form of hair loss usually presents itself as patches but can progress to the entire scalp.  It's associated with an autoimmune disorder, but at times it's caused by stress. Alopecia Totalis or Alopecia Universalis: This hair loss can take over the whole body, including the eyebrows. Cicatricial Alopecia: This is also known as scaring Alopecia.  This type of hair loss is when the follicles are destroyed and replaced with scar tissue.  There are 2 types Cicatricial Alopecia- primary and secondary.  In the case of the primary, the hair loss is caused by inflammation of the hair follicles.  Secondary cicatricial Alopecia is caused by burns or infections not related to the follicles. Traction Alopecia:  This type of hair loss is so common and is directly related to excessive tension on the scalp.  Certain hairstyles, such as braiding, weaves, ponytails are common causes of ration alopecia.  It can also be caused by treatments such as relaxer, coloring, and bleaching.